Modern uses

Roman numerals are still used today and can be found in many places.

Up until the eighteenth century Roman numerals were used in Europe for book-keeping even though the Indo-Arabic numerals we use today were known in Europe and widely used in Europe from around 1000 AD. There are said to be two reasons for this.

Although simple arithmetic may be easier with Roman numerals, multiplication and division, fractions, and more advanced mathematics are difficult and the lack of a zero is a particular disadvantage. So Indo-Arabic numerals slowly replaced Roman ones in everyday life.

Use of Roman Numerals
Version 2.21, 25 September 2005

All material on these pages is Paul Lewis 1997-2005